The terms CBD oil and hemp oil are often used interchangeably. However, there are major differences between the two. It is important to understand the technical differences between hemp oil and CBD oil before making purchases, because their uses are widely different.
What Is CBD Oil?
CBD oil refers to extracted cannabidiol (alone or paired with other cannabinoids) diluted with a carrier oil such as coconut oil. It continues to gain attention from the health community due to effects reported by its users. CBD oil is delivered to the body in three main forms: vapor, liquid and edible products. For every CBD product, the concentration of actual cannabidiol should be measured in milligrams. For example, bottles of CBD oil typically come in levels of 500, 1000, 1500 or 2000 milligrams per bottle.
C4 Healthlabs’ organic, full spectrum CBD oils go through a 36-hour extraction and distillation process, followed by an additional 18-hour short-path distillation process, to produce CBD oils that are over 99% pure, and are the cleanest, clearest, and by far one of the most potent CBD concentrates available on the market. Distillation produces pure cannabinoid oils that contain little to no residual hemp flavor or aroma, so they’re virtually tasteless and odorless.
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Hemp oil, or hemp seed oil, is obtained by pressing hemp seeds. The oil does not contain the beneficial phytocannabinoids found in CBD oil, but serves other purposes. Hemp seed oil has its own rich nutrient profile, including beneficial fats, fatty acids and nutrients. The nutrients found in hemp seed oil is used to promote skin, brain & hearth health – but absolutely do not contain the phytocannabinoids found in CBD oil. Hemp oil can be used either to cook or preserve foods — just like coconut or olive oil — or, for industrial use, it can serve as a machine lubricant. Some products that include hemp oil are soaps, shampoos, lotions, and candles.
C4 Healthlabs does not produce hemp oil in this sense of the term, nor do we use hemp oil as a carrier for our CBD oil. C4 Healthlabs offers high-quality, therapeutic-grade CBD oil, which is blended with organic MCT coconut oil. We chose to use coconut oil rather than any other carrier for our formulation due to the liquid’s ability to enhance CBD absorption and its shelf life (of 2 years).
CBD oil is extracted in a variety of ways, and can include different methods of extraction and distillation. To begin each process, the cbd oil producer crushes up flowers, stems and leaves of a hemp plant and combines them with a solvent, such as ethanol, under pressure.
This is called the “solvent extraction” method. Other methods of extraction can include CO2 extraction and butane extraction. Once the solvent is forced through the plant matter, dissolving the cannabinoids and other active chemicals, it is forced to evaporate, leaving behind a CBD-rich oil. There are more steps to solvent extraction, depending on what cannabinoids you want to isolate and the potency you’re going for, but those are the basics. It is worth noting that the best CBD oil is usually derived from high-CBD strains. Learn more about C4 Healthlabs CBD Extraction in Plant and Production Matters.
Traditionally, all seed oils are extracted with a seed oil press machine. Cold press oil is the preferred method when it comes to producing the oil for human consumption, as it preserves more of the characteristics and benefits from the seed in its final product.
As a final word: Be wary of companies that interchange “CBD” and “hemp.” The two terms are technically not interchangeable, and as discussed above, each oil is vastly different from the other. Keep in mind that just because hemp oil comes from the cannabis plant does not necessarily mean it has any of the same medicinal benefits as CBD oil, even though it may have “trace” amounts. Be sure to confirm the amount of CBD in the oil before making any purchases.
CBD Oil vs Hemp Oil References:
Woahstork, CBD Oil vs Hemp Oil: The Incredibly Important Differences
National Institute on Food and Agriculture
U.S. Department of Agriculture
“DEA Clarifies Status of Hemp in the Federal Register”
Oct. 2001 Press Release
U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
“The Biology and Potential Therapeutic Effects of Cannabidiol”
National Institute on Drug Abuse Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control
Nora D. Volkow, Director
UPDATES (December 20, 2018):
“Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (“2018 Farm Bill”) was signed into law”